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The old human examination should focus on these items

文章来源 时间:2020-05-09 浏览:392

People over 50 years old, their body organs gradually become aging, and their functions begin to decline, which is prone to problems of one kind or another. It is necessary to conduct a comprehensive medical examination at least once a year. In particular, routine items include weight, blood pressure, blood test, urine routine, stool routine, etc. It is best to check once every 3 months, so as to judge the health condition from small to large, detect diseases early, and carry out in time treatment.

Those who are too thin and light-weight have decreased immune function and weakened resistance, and are prone to contract diseases. If they lose weight progressively, they should be alert to diabetes, chronic wasting diseases, and cancer. But being too obese and being overweight is not a good thing, it will increase the burden on the heart, induce cardiovascular disease, and prone to fractures.

Blood pressure
Elderly people whose blood pressure is too high or too low are all morbid and should be paid attention to, especially high blood pressure is easy to cause arteriosclerosis, leading to coronary heart disease or stroke, blood pressure should be measured regularly to observe dynamic changes.

Check ECG
You can find out whether the heart rate is normal, whether there is a change in cardiac ischemia and myocardial strain, and make a timely diagnosis. Usually feel palpitations, chest tightness, discomfort in the precordial area, especially those who are addicted to tobacco and alcohol, are overweight, have high blood pressure, diabetes, and elderly people with a family history of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases should check the ECG, if necessary, can do heart load Test, 24-hour dynamic electrocardiogram and heart color Doppler ultrasound.

Chest x-ray
Lung diseases can be detected early, such as old chronic (slow obstructive lung), emphysema, tuberculosis, lung cancer, etc .; those with a history of chronic cough and long-term smokers should also have chest X-rays regularly. Now some units have changed the chest X-ray examination to CT, which has a higher rate of early detection of lung cancer.

Color Doppler
It can be found whether the liver, gallbladder, kidney and other abdominal organs are abnormal, such as hepatomegaly, liver cancer, cholecystitis, gallbladder polyps, gallstones, and kidney cysts, kidney stones, bladder stones, hydronephrosis, kidney cancer, etc.

Check your eyes and measure your vision
Slit-lamp examination and ophthalmoscope examination can get up early to find eye diseases such as senile cataract and primary glaucoma; you can also find out whether you have arteriosclerosis and macular degeneration.
People with high blood pressure, coronary heart disease, and diabetes should check the fundus regularly.

Blood test
Blood test routines to see if you have anemia, infection, granulocytopenia. By measuring blood lipids and blood sugar, you can find out whether you have hyperlipidemia or diabetes. Testing for alpha-fetoprotein can detect primary liver cancer early. Those who have chronic hepatitis B, "small three positive" and "big three positive", chronic hepatitis, and liver cirrhosis should also be tested for secondary items.

Urine test
Kidney disease, especially urinary tract infections, cancer and diabetes can be found in time. For patients with hypertension and coronary heart disease, you can use short legs to see if there is renal arteriosclerosis.

Stool occult blood test
Digestive tract diseases, especially ulcers and blood can be detected early, and digestive tract cancers such as gastric cancer, colon cancer, rectal cancer, etc.

Anal finger picking
This test is simple and easy to help, and it helps to discover male prostate hypertrophy, prostate cancer, and rectal cancer.

People who have been suffering from gastritis or gastric ulcer for a long time have a history of stomach problems. In recent years, they have full abdominal discomfort and gastrointestinal bleeding after eating, especially those who take tarry stools. Hard seat fiber gastroscopy. If you have a change in bowel habits, you can ask a gastroenterologist to decide whether you need to have a colonoscopy. People with a family history of intestinal polyps and colon cancer should also have a colonoscopy.

Check the thyroid
In recent years, the hospital medical examination center has conducted medical examinations for social groups and found that many middle-aged and elderly people suffer from thyroid diseases, including thyroid nodules, adenoma, and even thyroid cancer. Therefore, it is necessary to increase the thyroid scan program.

Measuring bone density
Men over the age of 50 and women over the age of 45 should test this item to determine whether there is osteoporosis.

Brain examination
Those who are often dizzy, dizzy and have headaches may consider cerebrovascular ultrasound, head CT or MRI to check for mild cerebral infarction and brain tumors.

Other items testing
For elderly women, breast examination (touching and scanning) should be done to detect breast diseases, especially breast cancer; gynecological examination should also be done so that cervical cancer and ovarian cancer can be detected early, and radical surgery should be performed in time. For men, increase the B-ultrasound examination of the prostate, you can find early forefront hyperplasia, hypertrophy or prostate cancer, and then do the corresponding treatment.
After the medical examination, don't set aside the report when you get it, and check it item by item carefully to see if there are any problems. If you do n’t understand it, consult a doctor and let the doctor explain and analyze it. If problems are found, further examination should be done according to the recommendations made by the doctor. If you find a disease, you should treat it in a timely manner while living on a diet. Take corresponding measures in health care. Each medical examination report should be properly preserved, and it may be compared with the previous and even the next medical examination report to see the corresponding changes.
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