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How much do you know about the customs of Chongyang Festival

文章来源 时间:2020-05-09 浏览:329

The custom of ascending the Chongyang Festival has a long history. According to existing documents, as early as the Chongyang Festival in the Warring States period, folks had the custom of ascending and drinking chrysanthemum wine. The activities of the Double Ninth Festival on this day are rich and colorful, generally including traveling to enjoy the scenery, ascending the distant view, watching the chrysanthemum, planting the dogwood, eating the Chongyang cake, drinking chrysanthemum wine and so on. Ancient folks have the custom of ascending in Chongyang Festival, so Chongyang Festival is also called "Climbing Festival". The Chongyang ascending custom originated from the ancient people's worship of mountains, and the custom of "mountain praying for blessings" has been popular since the Spring and Autumn and Warring States period. Ascending the "Ci Qing" comes from the solar terms in nature. The Chongyang Festival mountain climbing "Ci Qing" corresponds to the ancient people's "traveling" in the spring and March of Yangchun. There is no uniform rule for the place of ascending. Generally, it is ascending mountains and ascending towers. On this day, all localities should organize autumn hiking trips for the elderly, exchange feelings, and exercise. Many juniors in families will also help older elders to go out in the suburbs.

Autumn appreciation
The Chongyang Festival is the best time to enjoy autumn, and some mountain villages in southern China have retained the "sunshine" feature. Going to the countryside to admire folk customs and watch the autumn sun has become a fashion in rural tourism. "Falling sun" is a typical agricultural phenomenon with strong regional characteristics. In Hunan, Guangxi, Anhui, Jiangxi, and other villagers living in mountainous areas, due to the complex terrain, the village has very little flat land, so they have to use the front and back houses and their window sill roof racks to dry and hang crops. . This special lifestyle and scene of villagers drying crops has gradually become the material pursued by painters and photographers, and has created a poetic title of "sunshine".
The Chongyang Festival is a traditional Chinese festival with a variety of folklore. The celebration of the Double Ninth Festival generally includes activities such as traveling to admire the scenery, ascending the mountain, looking at the chrysanthemum, planting dogwood, eating the Chongyang cake, drinking chrysanthemum wine and other activities.

The customs of ascending the Chongyang Festival have a long history. There are three main reasons for this: one is the mountain worship from the ancients, the other is the ancient alchemist called Huan Jing who climbed the mountain on the same day to avoid disasters in the Eastern Han Dynasty, and the third is the "Cyber Youth" ascending the ascendant.
Ascending is actually derived from the ancient people's worship of mountains in ancient times. "Book of Rites · Sacrifice" records: "Mountains, forests, valleys and hills, can see clouds, wind and rain, see monsters, they all say gods." The ancients were awe-inspiring and full of admiration for the mountains. Popular. In the golden autumn and September, the sky is high and the air is refreshing. Ascending high in this season can achieve the purpose of relaxing, fitness and eliminating illness. In the Western Han Dynasty, "Chang'an Zhi" contains records of people watching the scenery on September 9 in the capital of the Han Dynasty.
The idea of ascending the disaster and avoiding disasters began in the Eastern Han Dynasty. At that time, a warlock named Huan Jing in Henan thought that there would be a grumpy day on this day. People should leave their homes and go as high as possible to be safe. Nan Wu Liang Wujun's "Continuation of Harmony" records that Ru Nan Huan Jing spent many years studying with Fei Changfang, who said: "September 9, there should be a disaster in Ru's family. Capsules, Shengyu Cornel, tie arms, drank chrysanthemum wine, this disaster can be removed. "Jing Ruyan, Qi family mountaineering ... However," Continued Qiqiuji "is just a book of Zhigua, not even the author himself Treat it as a historical fact. The legendary story of Huanjing's disaster avoidance has had an impact on society. After the Eastern Han Dynasty, the custom of ascending the epidemic and avoiding epidemic on the 9th day of September was passed down year after year.
The ascension of "ciqing" comes from the solar terms in nature. The Chongyang is the autumn festival, the weather is getting colder after the festival, and the vegetation is beginning to wither. The Chongyang Festival mountain climbing "ciqing" corresponds to the ancient people's "traveling" in the spring and March of Yangchun.

Eat chongyang cake
According to historical records, the Chongyang cake is also called flower cake, chrysanthemum cake, and five-color cake. At dawn on September 9th, the children ’s foreheads were put on slices of cakes, and words were spoken in their mouths, wishing their children to be high in everything, which was the original intention of the ancients to make cakes in September. The exquisite Chongyang cake is to be made into nine layers, like a pagoda, and two lambs are also made on it, in line with the meaning of Chongyang (sheep). Some also put a small red paper flag on the chongyang cake and lighted candle lights. This probably means "lighting up" and "eating cake" instead of "climbing", and replacing the dogwood with a small red paper flag. Today's Chongyang cakes still have no fixed varieties, and the soft cakes eaten at the Chongyang Festival are called Chongyang cakes.

Paper Harrier
Putting paper harriers is the main custom in the south during the Double Ninth Festival. Huizhou Folk Chongyang Festival is mainly characterized by putting paper harriers. Guangxu's "Huizhou Mansion" is also described. Paper Harriers are also kites now.

On the Double Ninth Day, there has always been a custom of chrysanthemum appreciation, so it is also known as the Chrysanthemum Festival in ancient times. The lunar month of September is commonly known as the chrysanthemum month. The festival holds a chrysanthemum meeting, and the crowd of people from all over the city goes to appreciate the chrysanthemum. Since the Three Kingdoms of Wei and Jin dynasties, it has become fashionable to drink at the Chongyang party and enjoy the poems of jujubes. In ancient Chinese customs, chrysanthemum symbolizes longevity.

Beg for life
The custom of life-seeking at Chongyang Festival is the earliest recorded in the existing literature in the Han Dynasty. The Han Dynasty "Xijing Miscellaneous Records" records: "September 9th, Peiyu Cornelia, awning bait, drinking chrysanthemum wine, the cloud is longevity.

Drink chrysanthemum wine
Chrysanthemums contain nutrients, and Ge Hong's "Bao Pu Zi" in the Jin Dynasty has a record that people in Nanyang Mountain drink longevity water from the Gangu water where chrysanthemums are everywhere. Drinking chrysanthemum wine at Chongyang Festival is a traditional Chinese custom. The chrysanthemum wine was regarded as the “auspicious wine” that must be drunk in the Chongyang in order to eliminate disasters and pray for blessings in ancient times. The custom of Huajiu originated from Tao Yuanming, a great poet of the Jin Dynasty. Tao Yuanming was famous for hermitage, poetry, drinking, and love for chrysanthemum; his descendants followed him, and he had the custom of chrysanthemum appreciation of the chongyang.
Chrysanthemum wine has been seen in the Han Dynasty. Afterwards, there are still stories about gifts of chrysanthemums to celebrate birthdays and chrysanthemum wine making. For example, Emperor Wendi Cao Pi once gave chrysanthemums to Zhong Yao (wishing him longevity) on Chung Yeung Day. The sentence of "luo zhi zhian luo zhi" is an example of chrysanthemum wine making. Until the Ming and Qing dynasties, chrysanthemum wine was still popular, and it was still recorded in Gao Lian's "Zunsheng Eight Notes" in the Ming Dynasty, which was a popular fitness drink.

Feast High
"The Chronicles of Jingchu Years" cloud: "September 9th, the four peoples are living together for a wild banquet." Sui Du Gongzhan Noted the cloud: "The September 9th banquet is unknown from which generation, but has been stationed until Song Wei "Reform." On the basis of offering sacrifices to heaven and ancestors, customs such as longevity and feasting were added to form the basis of the Chongyang Festival.

In ancient times, the custom of ninety-nine to plant dogwood was also popular, so it is also called the dogwood festival. The ancients believed that inserting dogwood on the day of Chung Yeung Festival could evacuate the disaster. So people put the cornel on their arms, or grated them in sachets, and put them on their heads. Mostly worn by women and children, and in some places by men. Dogwood is used as medicine to make wine and nourish the disease. Dogwood and hairpin chrysanthemums have been common in the Tang Dynasty. Dogwood has a strong fragrance, has the functions of anthelmintic and dehumidifying, and chasing wind and evil, and can dissipate food and cure cold and heat. The taboo on the Double Ninth Festival has also formed a lot of customs for the purpose of warding off evil and avoiding disasters, including ascending to the horizon, inserting dogwood, drinking chrysanthemum wine, etc.

Source: Network




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