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Precautions for winter diet

文章来源 时间:2020-05-09 浏览:305

1. Food should be sufficient and energy should be balanced.

It's cold in winter. Residents living in the north have heating facilities. Although they feel cold in outdoor activities, the interior is as warm as spring. However, in the south, there is no central heating facility indoors, indoor and outdoor temperatures are the same, and even indoors are colder than outdoor. The human body's energy needs increase, and it is necessary to pay attention to the sufficient supply of energy. To ensure a sufficient amount of staple food, it is recommended to eat half a catty-eighty-two cereal foods, in addition to buns, rice, nests, etc., you can "soft and hard" and often drink porridge.

Animal food is not only rich in protein, but also contains a certain amount of fat, which can enhance the body's immunity and improve the ability to resist cold and disease. There should be three to two and a half pounds of animal food every day, which can include lean meat, eggs, poultry, fish or milk, etc., and often change types.

2. Eat less cold food, drink more porridge soup.

Eating cold food in winter can easily stimulate the stomach and cause abdominal pain and diarrhea. Therefore, it is also important to choose the appropriate cooking method. It is recommended to use stew, boil, steam, braise and other cooking methods as much as possible when processing winter food, so that it is easier to preserve food nutrition and beneficial to health.

3, eat more fruits and vegetables, strong body disease resistance.

Dry in winter, especially in northern areas, due to eating more meat, it is prone to dry stool. Vegetables and fruits are rich in vitamins and minerals, as well as rich dietary fiber, which can enhance the body's immunity, improve the body's ability to adapt to cold, and have a good protective effect on blood vessels, but also can promote gastrointestinal peristalsis and prevent constipation . Therefore, attention should be paid to the supplement of vegetables and fruits. Vegetables can choose carrots, white radishes, Chinese cabbage, potatoes, yam, lotus root, spinach, rapeseed, celery, mushrooms, winter bamboo shoots, baby dishes, etc., fruits, apples, pears, kiwi, bananas, grapefruit, citrus, etc.

4. Replenish the right amount and click to the end.

The winter is cold, the sunshine time is shortened, people's outdoor activities are reduced, and vitamin D deficiency is prone to occur. Pay attention to eating foods rich in calcium and vitamin D, such as milk, soy products, seafood, animal liver and so on. The choice of fresh vegetables and fruits in winter is not as abundant as in summer and autumn, and it is prone to insufficient intake of some vitamins and minerals. Therefore, you can choose nutrient supplements to supplement dietary deficiencies, such as vitamin C, vitamin D and so on. But it should not be used as the main source of nutrients, the principle is that the amount is not too much!


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