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Elderly health management content

文章来源:www.grt3000.com 时间:2020-05-09 浏览:393

With the increase of age, the physiological functions of various organs such as the heart, brain, and kidneys of the elderly decline, metabolic dysfunction, and low immunity. They are susceptible to various chronic diseases such as hypertension, diabetes, coronary heart disease, and tumors. The disability rate and mortality rate of these diseases are extremely high. Carrying out health management services can detect diseases early and carry out early treatment, which can prevent the occurrence and development of diseases, reduce complications, and reduce the disability rate and mortality rate. The health management service is conducted once a year for the elderly, and the life and diet of the elderly are surveyed to facilitate the health management service, and the whole body examination is carried out for the elderly. Those aged 65 or above, who live in the community for more than half a year Everyone can enjoy health management services for the elderly in local township hospitals and other places.

Target group of elderly health management

The objects of the elderly health management service refer to the elderly over 65 years old, including 65 years old. All elderly people who have lived in the community for more than half a year, regardless of household registration and non-domestic population, can enjoy the health management services for the elderly in the township hospitals, village clinics or community health service centers (stations) where they live.

Contents of health management services for the elderly

Provide health management services to the elderly once a year. content include:

(1) Assessment of lifestyle and health status. Through inquiries, understand the basic health conditions of the elderly, self-care ability and lifestyles such as smoking, drinking, diet, physical exercise, as well as past diseases, current common symptoms and treatment of chronic diseases, etc.

(2) Conduct a comprehensive health checkup every year, including general physical examination and auxiliary examination.

(3) Inform me or his family's health check-up results and provide targeted health guidance, and include patients with diagnosed primary hypertension and type 2 diabetes into the corresponding health management of patients with chronic diseases.

(4) Inform the next medical examination time.

Elderly health management inspection content

(1) General physical examination includes measuring body temperature, pulse, blood pressure, height, weight, skin, superficial lymph nodes and heart, lungs, abdomen and other routine examinations, and making rough judgments on vision, hearing and exercise.

(2) The auxiliary examination includes blood routine, urine routine, fasting blood glucose, blood lipids, liver function (serum aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase and total bilirubin), renal function (serum creatinine and blood urea nitrogen) and electrocardiogram.

Main items of elderly health management

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Blood routine and urine routine

The digestive and absorption function of the elderly is weakened, and the immunity is reduced. Anemia, infection and other blood abnormalities are found early in the blood test department. Nephritis, urinary tract infections and other diseases can be discovered early through routine urine examination, and can also provide important clues for the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of other diseases, such as gout and hepatitis. At the same time, routine blood and urine examinations are simple and easy to perform. Therefore, routine blood and urine examinations should be performed during the physical examination of the elderly.

Liver function, kidney function

With the increase of age, liver and kidney functions gradually decline; and the elderly are susceptible to a variety of chronic diseases, such as hypertension, diabetes, etc., which will cause liver and kidney function damage; at the same time, because the elderly take multiple drugs for a long time, it will also cause Liver and kidney function damage. Therefore, the liver function and kidney function test items are selected to evaluate liver and kidney function, to judge the degree of disease and the side effects of drugs, and to guide clinical treatment.

ECG examination

The elderly are susceptible to heart disease, such as coronary heart disease, arrhythmia, cardiomyopathy, myocardial infarction, and autonomic (vegetable) nerve dysfunction and metabolic disorders, which can cause abnormal ECG. Because some elderly people have atypical clinical manifestations, ECG examinations can be used to detect abnormal heart problems at an early stage; and because ECG monitoring methods are simple, easy, and non-invasive, ECG detection is selected as an auxiliary examination item for elderly health examinations.

Fasting blood glucose

Fasting blood glucose is the main indicator for diagnosing diabetes. Older people can detect early diabetes by detecting fasting blood glucose, continue to standardize management and treatment, reduce complications, reduce disability, extend lifespan, and improve quality of life. Therefore, in the elderly physical examination, choose to do fasting blood glucose testing items.

Lipids

Dyslipidemia is an important risk factor for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. As the metabolic function of the elderly declines, dyslipidemia is more likely to occur, causing arteriosclerosis. Coronary arteriosclerosis leads to coronary heart disease; cerebral arteriosclerosis can cause stroke (stroke); renal arteriosclerosis can cause renal insufficiency and secondary hypertension. Therefore, the physical examination of the elderly chooses to do blood lipid examination. By detecting blood lipid, abnormal blood lipid is found, timely treatment, and prevention of cardio-cerebrovascular disease. Because meals have a greater impact on blood lipid test results, fasting tests are required

        In 2010, Jinan Grit developed a set of public health equipment suitable for outdoor medical examination and an automatic generation and upload system according to the National Basic Public Health Service Specification. The set of equipment is simple to operate, fast and convenient to test, and the results are tested on site.

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This set of products includes: information terminal, body height and weight measuring instrument, electrocardiogram and blood pressure measuring instrument workstation, information input device, blood analyzer, urine analyzer, biochemical analyzer, portable ultrasound, public health and health machine.



1. Suitcase design, small and light, easy to carry.

2. On-site inspection On-site report and on-site data upload.

3. The physical examination speed is fast, about 50 people per hour.

4. Suitable for high cold, high temperature, high altitude areas, spring, summer, autumn and winter all seasons.


Source: Network

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