Source: Guangming Daily
The Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee held a meeting, and General Secretary Xi Jinping chaired the meeting and delivered an important speech. The meeting pointed out that it is necessary to focus on overcoming poverty and combating the last bastion, combining the promotion of rural revitalization strategies, taking the prevention and treatment of epidemics as an entry point, and strengthening the improvement of rural human settlement environment and public health system construction. The 2020 Central Document No. 1 pointed out that strengthening rural primary health care services. The rural public health system is a basic project that guarantees the healthy lives of hundreds of millions of farmers and enhances their sense of gain, happiness, and security, and is a grassroots bastion against public health emergencies. To promote the construction of the rural public health system, we should find a point of focus, work hard and accelerate construction. Change subject idea
The government is the main body of the construction and operation of the rural public health system, and it is necessary to strengthen investment and change ideas. In recent years, the total amount of government investment in public health has been increasing, and medical resources have become increasingly abundant. However, relative to the health needs of rural residents, it is still insufficient. Moreover, compared with urban areas, public health investment in rural areas has grown slowly. General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized, "We must promote the downward shift of the focus of medical and health work, the sinking of medical and health resources, the equalization of basic public services in urban and rural areas, and provide the public with safe, effective, convenient and affordable public health and basic medical services. This year is the year of completion of a well-off society in an all-round way, and there is an urgent need for benchmarking to speed up the shortcomings of the rural public health infrastructure and health service system. To this end, the government should use the rural revitalization strategy as the background, further increase investment in rural public health, improve the construction of rural medical infrastructure, and ensure that farmers will not "become poor due to illness and return to poverty due to illness."
Villagers are participants and relying on the construction of the rural public health system. They must change their concepts and take the initiative to cooperate. Rural public health services are most directly related to the health of villagers. Therefore, the villagers should be mobilized to stimulate their endogenous power to participate in the construction of the rural public health system. However, judging from the current situation of villagers, there are still some phenomena of lack of public ethics. Especially in the recent background of the new coronary pneumonia epidemic, this situation is more prominent. For example, some people still think that it is not a big deal to go out without wearing masks and to have dinner together, and it has no effect on others. In fact, in public health emergencies, only by abandoning the luck, ignorance and fearlessness of mentality and concepts can everyone be tied together to ensure public safety. Therefore, as requested by General Secretary Xi Jinping, "intensify the publicity and education of the law and prevention knowledge of infectious diseases, guide the entire society to prevent and control in accordance with the law, and improve the self-protection ability of the people" to help the villagers change their passive concepts, In particular, it is necessary to realize the change of the concept from "want me to build" to "want to build", cooperate with the party and the government to do a good job in renovating the sanitation environment of the family and the countryside, and actively contribute to the construction of rural public health system. Increase talent support
Talent is the first resource. To advance the construction of rural public health system, it is necessary to lay a solid foundation for professional talents. Rural health personnel are an important force in improving the rural public health system. Among them, the proportion of professional health technical personnel is closely related to the degree of rural public health construction. According to the "Statistical Communiqué on the Development of China's Health Care in 2018" released in 2019, the total number of health personnel in the country increased from 11.749 million in 2017 to 12.3 million in 2018, but rural doctors and health workers increased from 969,000 in 2017 This was reduced to 907,000 in 2018. Compared with 2017, the total number of rural clinic staff decreased by 14,000 in 2018. Therefore, strengthening the construction of rural public health personnel is particularly important.
Strengthen the introduction mechanism of rural public health professionals. On the one hand, it is possible to formulate a practical incentive mechanism to attract graduates from higher medical colleges, especially graduates from rural students to return to the village to supplement professional health technicians. On the other hand, we should continue to improve the medical and health support mechanism for agriculture, regularly arrange health experts to give lectures and sit-in visits in rural areas, increase the medical knowledge of villagers, and realize the early detection and treatment of serious and serious diseases, so that farmers can live a more solid life. Strengthen the training mechanism for rural primary medical staff. Rural grassroots medical personnel are the main force in the construction of the rural public health system talent team, and improving their professional quality is the key link. To this end, it is necessary to organize normalized training courses to consolidate the basis of their health theory, and to help them to carry out periodic field visits to regional professional hospitals to improve their treatment level and achieve the goal of villagers with common diseases and frequent diseases. . Use web carrier
Informatization creates new opportunities. To promote the construction of a rural public health system, it is necessary to use Internet carriers to optimize ideas and to keep up with the situation. The emergence and gradual popularization of the Internet have also provided opportunities and platforms for implementing the strategy of rural revitalization and complementing the shortcomings of rural public service infrastructure construction. Judging from the current development situation of the rural Internet, the construction of grassroots communication facilities has achieved remarkable results, and a compatible symbiosis of wired and wireless networks has initially formed. According to the "China Internet Development Report 2019", as of June 2019, the scale of rural Internet users in China has reached 225 million, accounting for 26.3% of the total number of Internet users. Compared with the previous year, the number has increased. However, in terms of main concerns and application directions, more emphasis is placed on online entertainment, online shopping, and online e-commerce, and the Internet is rarely combined with public health care. In the current new outbreak of pneumonia, we can see the advantages of using the network to carry out outbreak communication, information statistics and other work when villagers cannot get close contact, which provides inspiration and thinking for further strengthening the construction of rural public health systems.
First, strengthen the basic platform of "Internet + Rural Public Health". Based on the functions of organizing data, analyzing and sharing information on the Internet, rural health institutions should establish an information database and information transmission platform that includes all villagers, understand and keep up with the health status of each villager, and timely communicate the latest public health policies to the masses And progress on public health emergencies. Second, accelerate the integration of urban and rural public health service information. At present, high-quality medical and health resources are basically distributed in cities, but at this stage, rural health institutions can use the Internet to count the medical conditions, department distribution, and doctor expertise of major hospitals in the area to provide villagers with accurate medical choices at the first time. . Finally, we must try to create a network remote treatment model in which large and medium hospitals cooperate with rural health institutions to improve the medical level of public health at the grassroots level. Consolidate the support force
It's up to The communist party to do thing well in China. To promote the construction of the rural public health system, the leadership of the party must also be strengthened, and the security force must be strengthened. The "Regulations on Rural Work of the Communist Party of China" issued by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China in 2019 clearly states that it is necessary to implement the overall leadership of the Party in all fields of "three rural issues", ensure that the Party always takes the overall situation and coordinates all parties in rural work in order to promote agriculture Prioritizing rural development and implementing rural revitalization strategies provide strong political and organizational guarantees. This year is the year when a well-off society will be fully built. To speed up the shortcomings in the construction of rural infrastructure and public services such as the public health system, we must strengthen the leadership and security of grassroots party organizations. The village committee and the vast number of party members must always be on the front line and bravely be the vanguard, let the party flag fly high on the battlefield of rural epidemic prevention and control, protect the health and health of the villagers, and bring the villagers a firm determination to overcome the epidemic.
Strengthen the leadership of the party and consolidate the security of rural public health system construction. The policy direction of the Party's management of rural work should be improved. To further firmly establish the policy orientation of priority development of rural agriculture, in particular, to build a well-off society in an all-round way, to promote cadre reserves, factor allocation, and government investment in rural public health and other weak infrastructure and service capacity building, and speed up the completion Shortcomings of rural public services. Improve the guarantee mechanism for the Party leadership to promote rural work. To clarify the main tasks, specific responsibilities, and assessment indicators of the leadership of party committees at all levels to promote the construction of infrastructure and service capabilities in rural public health systems, and to pragmatic and effective institutional arrangements to promote the hard work and hard work of all levels at all levels The leadership advantage has been transformed into an action advantage for the construction of the rural public health system, and the party ’s firm commitment to always putting the health and safety of the people first is always practiced at the grassroots level.
In a word, at this stage, the “momentum” of advancing the strategy of rural revitalization and the “time” of building a well-off society in an all-round way, and the “event” of preventing and curing an epidemic are urgently needed. A healthy and beautiful life for farmers.